Seema Jayachandran's research focuses on economic issues in developing countries. Her current work explores the determinants of parents' investments in their children's health and education. Other topics she studies include the environment, labor markets, gender equality, and political economy. She is a recipient of a Sloan Research Fellowship and a National Science Foundation Early Career Development grant. She serves as a reviewing editor for Science and associate editor for the American Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of Economics, and Journal of Economic Perspectives. She is an affiliate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and a board member and co-chair of the Health Sector for the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab.